Saturday, July 22, 2017

Ellijay, Georgia . . . the secrets in its soil could change the history books

This unwinds an amazing history and really shows us just how attractive these lands were to all comers. Most of that history evolved faraway from any governor or his agents.  Then the trail of tears did strip out those legitamately indigenous.


Yet what is clearly left is a body of folk of multiple origins both European and Caribbean.

I would love to see an academic effort that gathers remaining folk knowledge of all these peoples.  The archeology and the DNA work confirms reral complexity and that also means cultural cross fertilization that was important..



Ellijay, Georgia . . . the secrets in its soil could change the history books

Posted by Richard Thornton | Jul 5, 2017

https://peopleofonefire.com/ellijay-georgia-the-secrets-in-its-soil-could-change-the-history-books.html

(Photo Above) This ancient terrace complex in eastern Gilmer County includes both the most sophisticated stone masonry that we have seen among the known 16+ Itza-te (Itza Maya descendants) towns in Georgia, Alabama and South Carolina, plus the ruins of what appears to be a 17th century European house.

Gilmer County, where Ellijay is located, is in one of the most beautiful sections of the Southern Highlands. The Cohutta Mountains compose western half of the county, while the eastern half is occupied by the Rich Mountains. Sparkling rivers and creeks cascade out of these mountains through verdant valleys with incredibly fertile bottomlands. The region’s cool nights and regular rain storms keep the landscape vivid green throughout the summer, while much of the remainder of the Sunbelt fades to olive drab . . . or even brown.


If you have heard of Ellijay at all, it is probably in association with the apple industry in Gilmer County. Their apples are famous . . . but their peaches are probably the finest in the world. There is little need for mass marketing these beauties to the rest of the nation, because peach connoisseurs gobble them up at the county’s dozen or so apple houses and farmers markets.

A little more historical sleuthing beyond what is in Wikipedia and you will find out that the Rich Mountains got their name from the gold, copper and gem deposits found there. The gold and gems are still there. The largest gold nuggets found in Georgia came from Cartacay River and Cherry Log Creek Valleys in Gilmer County. Two centuries ago, you could also pick up pure copper nuggets from the northern slopes of the Rich Mountains. There are also gemstones in the Cohutta Mountains in the western part of the county.

As an inspiration for literature, Gilmer County became world famous in the 1970s. The Cherry Log Valley in Gilmer inspired James Dickey’s most famous poem . . . “Cherry Log Road.” This poem is featured in the video below. Cherry Log Creek flows into the Ellijay River, which joins the Cartacay River in Downtown Ellijay to form the Coosawattee River. James Dickey’s beloved canoe voyages down the Coosawattee River were the inspiration for the book and blockbuster movie, “Deliverance.” When Dickey was my English professor at Georgia Tech, at least a third of the color slides, he showed us, were taken in Gilmer County.

There is much more to the early history of the Ellijay Area, however. It is a history, largely forgotten or unknown, whose verification would radically change the history books. Many 16th and 17th century European artifacts have been found in Gilmer County, yet in the late 20th century, some academicians attempted to erase that fact. Well . . . we say 16th or 17th century, but they may be older. No one has ever attempted to calculate their age.


It’s all in the meaning of a word

The speculative explanations in reference books for the place name, Ellijay, are a metaphor for all that’s wrong with the disciplines of Southeastern anthropology and history these days. In the late 20th century, many Dixie academicians became lazy. Rather than questioning every detail of the past, they were content to replicate the ill-researched guesswork of perceived authority figures. The results were at best . . . incomplete history . . . and far too often . . . false history.

Case in point . . . Ellijay . . . This is what you are told about the etymology of Ellijay:

Conventional wisdom holds that Ellijay is an Anglicized form of a Cherokee word, perhaps meaning “place of green things” or “many waters. Other explanations state that Ellijay is the anglicized form of the Cherokee name Elatseyi, meaning “new ground”. Other sources say it means “green place.”

Well, actually “conventional wisdom” didn’t know diddlysquat about the subject. If one traces back the chain of reference citations to their sources, you find that none of the authority figures knew anything about either the Cherokee or four Creek languages. Most of these authors lived in other parts of the country.

You can always tell if an explanation of a Southern Native American place name is standing on quick sand. The author gives multiple explanations for the word. That means that the author really does not have a clue. 

I first became aware that there was something amiss in the official explanation of the word, Ellijay, in 2007. Some members of the Muscogee-Creek National Council ask me to compare the names of major Creek/Seminole tribal towns in the Southeast with names of Creek/Seminole settlements in Oklahoma that are now are cities and towns . . . such as Tulsa, Okmulgee and Muskogee. 

While scanning the names of Seminole villages in Florida, I came across the name, Ellijay. It was in a cluster of Seminole villages in South Florida that spoke Spanish. The only other information that I could delve up was that Ellijay had formerly been a Creek town in Georgia. Now why would a Spanish-speaking Seminole town in Florida, which formerly was in Georgia, have a Cherokee name?

At the time, I lived in the county immediately south of Ellijay and spent many weekend days, hiking and canoeing in Gilmer County. So the question of Ellijay’s true origins stuck in my mind. One has to know a little Cherokee and a lot of Itsate (Hitchiti) Creek to unravel the mystery. You see, Itsate was spoken by more people in Georgia than any other language, including English, until the 1790s when white settlers poured into the state from the Carolinas and Virginia. Muskogee was mainly the first language of Creeks living near present day Columbus and Carrollton, GA.

One only sees a few state historical markers, relating to the very brief occupation of Gilmer County by the Cherokees. Northwest and North-Central Georgia was secretly stolen from the Creek Confederacy and given to the Cherokees in 1786 at the Treaty of Augusta. 

The Creeks actually won the 40 year long Creek-Cherokee War. After seeing a third of their villages burned and 32 chiefs executed, the Cherokees surrendered and signed a peace treaty in December 1754. The so-called “Battle of Taliwa” in which the Cherokees won all of North Georgia in a 1754 battle near Ball Ground, GA is a myth created by a white man in Tennessee around 1828. He was a distant cousin of Nancy Ward and made up a fairy tale about her life, four years after her death. Ward was a good friend to her white neighbors in Tennessee, but there is no evidence that she was ever even in the Province of Georgia.

When the Creek leaders found out about this scam in 1790, they declared war on the State of Georgia, but simultaneously re-affirmed their loyalty to the United States. The Creeks backed off from this war, when informed by newly elected President Washington that war with Georgia meant war with the United States.

So which branch of the Creeks lived in the Ellijay area before 1786? The actual Native American name for Ellijay answers question.

Real Cherokee scholars have long known that the original place name was Ela-si or Ela-tsi. The “yi” suffix is Cherokee for “place of.” The Real Cherokees knew the Cherokee language and honestly stated that the word had no meaning in modern Cherokee. Unlike Creek scholars, though, it is very rare to find a Cherokee scholar, who attempts to learn other Native American languages. They should though . . . approximately 85% of the Native American place names in the Southern Highlands are either Creek, Itza Maya or Arawak words. They have no meaning in Cherokee, other than being proper nouns.

Ela-si is an Itsate Creek word and means “Descendants of the Foothill People.” It is pronounced Ĕ : lä : jzhē. The Elasi were a mixed heritage people, whose ancestors were Elate Creeks, Apalache Creeks, Uchees, Spanish, Spanish Sephardic Jews, French Protestants and Dutch-speaking Ashkenazi Jews. Bet you didn’t know that there were Dutch place names in North Georgia, did you? 

The Ela-te or Foothill People were the descendants of intermarriage between Itza Maya immigrants and Muskogeans. The Elate were called Hontaweki or Hontaoase by the Muskogee Creeks, which means “People who irrigate plants.”


The tributary creeks that form the Cartacay River cascade down the mountain slopes.

The Spanish Connection

Many persons in North Georgia claim to be of Cherokee descent. Very few outside the Towns County Indians and the descendants of a few wealthy Cherokee families in Northwest Georgia, who took state citizenship, actually have real Native American features. The Towns County, GA Indians carry a mixture of Peruvian and Maya DNA. Most have some Semitic features and when they get DNA tests turn out to have no Native American DNA and lots of Middle Eastern DNA. In fact, no “Georgia Cherokee” has ever showed me their DNA test, with Asiatic (Native American) DNA on it. Back during the Trail of Tears era, Georgia officials and US Army troops did a thorough job of ethnic cleansing.

In addition to the Towns County Indians, there is a residual population of persons to the north of Gilmer County in Fannin and Union Counties, who also carry substantial Native American heritage, but it is Upper Creek (Coosa) . . . not Cherokee or Muskogee Creek. They have strikingly different physical features than the Cherokees. They are very tall, slim with deep set eyes and raptor like faces. It is not uncommon for Upper Creek women these days to be six feet tall. This is why the Upper Creeks were called the “Eagle Warriors.” There were 3,000 Upper Creeks living in the Cherokee Nation at the time of the Trail of Tears. Most escaped capture because they were not on anybody’s “pick-up list.”

Since there was no Registered Architect in Gilmer County, I frequently had architecture projects there and actually had many more friends in Gilmer than in Pickens County, where I lived. Several of my clients claimed to be descended from the original Cherokee inhabitants of Gilmer County. They were indeed handsome families, often with jet black hair and tan skin . . . but they have no Native American physical features. What these leading families of the county look like is the Spanish aristocracy of Latin American countries. I thought that was odd, but I was making a living as an Architect, not a Native American researcher . . . so I stored the info into my memory files and went on with life.

One client, who was a transplant from elsewhere, told me about the discovery of a large triangular stone fort in the Cohutta Mountains (western part of Gilmer County). The man had picked up pieces of both Native American and European pottery on the surface within and near the stone ruins. The man said that the Native American and European pottery were distinctly different.

He immediately took the potsherds, his photographs and a marked topographic map to the former US Forest Service Visitors Center in Blue Ridge, GA. The response after a long wait . . . an archaeologist eventually came out from the back offices and raged him for disturbing “a Sacred Cherokee Heritage Site.” About a week later, he received a certified letter from a USFS law enforcement officer in Atlanta, stating that “he would be arrested and charged with felony theft and destruction of federal cultural property, if he ever came near the ruins again.”

Several clients also told me about the frequent discovery of what appeared to be ancient European artifacts in the plowed fields of Gilmer County. Renaissance period armor and weapons were found in both the Cartacay River and Cherry Log Creek Valleys. European beads were common place. They also confirmed that there are many Indian mounds in the county. I thought I seen some in the Cherry Log and Cartacay Valleys, but was no sure until locals confirmed my speculation. These discoveries are sometimes mentioned in regional history books, but never investigated by archaeologists. Most do not have official state archaeological site numbers.


In February 2015, a resident of Gilmer County, who is an ordained minister, discovered the extensive ruins of an Itsate terrace complex in the Rich Mountains. The ruins are in excellent condition, considering their age and display far more sophisticated architecture than was generally constructed at Itza Maya terrace complexes in Mexico and Guatemala.

What immediately caught my eye was that there were also the ruins of what appeared to be a late 16th , 17th or 18th century European house on the premises. Stone chimneys are very rare on Cherokee houses. All known stone chimneys belonged to wealthy families with white husbands or else large plantations of mixed-blood Cherokees, such as John Ross. We have seen that phenomenon before in other Georgia terrace complexes, including the famous one at Track Rock Gap. This is strong evidence that many of the terrace complexes were still occupied when the first Europeans arrived in the Southern Highlands. 

You can read this article at: Rich Mountain Terrace Complex 
 

Why are archaeologists silent?

I have long wondered why Georgia archaeologists have ignored the many mysteries of Gilmer County. My assumption was that since no archaeologist had ever worked there, the profession was unaware of its many ancient sites. That presumption was proved wrong this past weekend.

I stumbled upon a single paragraph in a book, written in 1966, by an archaeology professor at Tulane University in New Orleans. It stated that in 1925, the world famous archaeologist Warren K. Moorehead had moved his team to the Coosawattee River after finishing work at Mound C in Etowah Mounds near Cartersville, GA. Moorehead had identified at least seven large mounds, where two mountain rivers joined to form the Coosawattee River. 

That location is obviously Ellijay, but late 20th century Georgia archaeologists thought that Moorehead was “confused” and REALLY meant that he was at Carters Bottom in Murray County, GA . . . about 21 miles downstream on the Coosawattee River. They didn’t actually see his archaeological report, but always referred to a brief passage, written about the report by an archaeologist in another part of the United States. When they didn’t see the mounds and terrain that Moorehead described in Carters Bottom, the Georgia archaeologists discounted his entire report as being unreliable.

[ That is actually outrageous.  Good maps were available and no professional will ever be lost.  He will keep at it until he triangulates in.  This is even then a centuries old practice made wonderfully precise in the nineteenth century.  arclein ]

In 1939, archaeologist, Robert Wauchope, briefly visited Ellijay one morning as part of his survey of North Georgia. He didn’t realize that he was at the same location, where Moorehead worked. However, he did see some mounds and Lamar Culture (Late Mississippian) potsherds on the edge of the Cartacay, Ellijay and Coosawattee Rivers. So he designated three archaeological sites without excavating them . . . 9GI111, 9GI112 and 9GI113.

Moorehead’s actual report is brief and vague, but has a big surprise in it. He unearthed at least 20 burials with accompanying grave offerings. Most of the skeletons were flexed. There was nothing unusual about all but one of the burials, other than the most recent ones contained European beads. However, he unearthed one burial that was intrusive. It contained beads, but also contained several heavily oxidized iron tools or weapons. Moorehead stated that the iron artifacts were far too old to date from the 1700s or 1800s, and that he could not with certainty classify them as Spanish. 

Some of the areas, where Moorehead dug a few random test pits in 1925, have been commercially developed, but typically have gravel paving. However, much of the area is still in an natural state and has never been excavated since 1925. Such a location for a modern archaeological dig could be a major tourist attraction for Ellijay. The archaeological zones are literally in Downtown Ellijay.

Was the Amazon Rainforest Once Home to A Massive Lost Civilization?

Ancient ruins in the rainforest

Was the Amazon Rainforest Once Home to A Massive Lost Civilization?

2 July, 2017 - 17:55 Mark Oliver
 
 http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-americas/was-amazon-rainforest-once-home-massive-lost-civilization-008342?nopaging=1

There is a hill in the Amazon rainforest that stretches out over two acres of land. It is called Montegrande and, to look at it, it seems like nothing more than another hill. A particularly steep one perhaps, but nothing more than an overgrown mound of earth. For centuries, it was ignored, and, in time, as Peru’s cities and towns stretched further out in the Amazon, farmers even set up their homes on top of it.

Then they started to dig. As the farmers worked the land, they started to uncover sherds of old pots. These, they soon learned, were more than old utensils. These were relics of the past, and they were more than 1,000 years old.

Their homes became an archaeological site. In 2010, archaeologist Quirino Olivera and his team started digging into the Montegrande hill, and soon discovered what they were excavating wasn’t a hill at all. It was a massive pyramid, built by a forgotten civilization in the Amazon rainforest – and it was over 3,000 years old.


Montegrande archaeological site, Peru.















Montegrande archaeological site, Peru. (Quirino Oliveria Nuñez)
The Empty Amazon Theory

The pyramid at Montegrande changed everything. Here, for the first time, was hard proof that ancient civilizations had thrived in the Amazon rainforest.

Ancient civilizations had certainly flourished in South America, but, up until recently, it had been believed that the Amazon itself was a place few dared to tread for long. The few people who lived there in ancient times, archaeologists believed, were sparsely separated, nomadic people. They would wander from place to place, setting up the odd short-lived farm before moving on.

When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in South America, they wrote stories about massive towns in the Amazon full of farms and supporting whole fleets of boats – but there’d never been anything to back up what they were saying. Every piece of archaeological evidence we could find suggested that no one in the Amazon had stayed still long enough to build a home.


Discoveries like Montegrande, though, are changing the history of a nation. Now it’s believed that, at its peak, there may have been as a many as 5 million people living in the Amazon. They built civilizations and cultures that are completely forgotten to time. The only way we’ll ever know who these people were is by sifting through their bones.

Skeleton and shells found at the Montegrande site.














Skeleton and shells found at the Montegrande site. (Fomento a la Inversión Privada y Turismo-JAEN)

A Forgotten Civilization

The people who built the Montegrande, the archaeologists have since learned, had an incredibly sophisticated society. They didn’t just build one pyramid and leave. They first built it in 1,000 AD, but they reworked it and rebuilt it at least eight times. Before their empire ended, they had lived in that one spot for more than a thousand years.

By the end, they were building six-foot (1.83-meter) walls to protect their people and setting up offices where rulers governed their people. They built a grid of homes across the riverbank, had an elaborate religion of their own, and were part of an elaborate trade network the stretched across modern Peru.

They have a whole millennium of history that’s only hinted at in their remains. What we know is only scraped together from their ruins, but the massive pyramids they left behind are enough to give an incredible glimpse into their religion.

Illustration of ancient city in the Amazon, licensed for reuse.














Illustration of ancient city in the Amazon, licensed for reuse. ( TheRavens)

The Spiral Temple

At the top of the mound is a spiral of rocks, coiled in the shape of a massive snake or, perhaps, in the swirl of the shell of a snail. You could walk along the spiral like you were making your way through a labyrinth. Every step would take you further down below the ground until you reached the center, forty feet (12.19 meters) below the first step.

At the center of the spiral, the people who once lived here burned fires. These were likely sacred fires, used for some religious purpose – and there’s reason to think it involved drugs.

Archaeologists have found snuff spoons and mortar grinders still holding the residue of hallucinogenic vilca seeds. These seeds didn’t grow where they lived – they were imported, and getting their hands on these things might just be the reason this civilization created such an elaborate trade network.

Montegrande archaeological site, Peru.















Montegrande archaeological site, Peru. (forosperu)

The seeds, Olivera believes, just might be the reason they had a fascination with spirals. People who take these seeds tend to hallucinate lights flashing in the shape of a spiral. The priests who lived here may have taken it for a divine vision, and that hallucination might have changed their entire culture.
Spirals were an obsession for the people who lived here. Inside the remains of their civilization, there are still snail shells scattered everywhere. Honored dead were covered in them when they died, and the shape fills every part of their society. God, they seemed to have believed, was something they could reach when they crushed up vilca seeds and freed their minds.

Spiral shaped building at the archaeological site.















Spiral shaped building at the archaeological site. (Arqueología del Perú)

The Lord of Snails

A mile away from Montegrande, the researchers found a second pyramid – but this one tells a far darker tale.

Buried in the second pyramid were the remains of 22 children. Many of their bones showed signs of malnutrition and sickness, and it seems that they were withering away when they died. Likely, they were brought here when they were ill and sure to die. This was a place apart from the city where a mother could leave her beloved, dying child with the shamans.

The shamans wouldn’t cure them. They didn’t have a magic potion to bring these children back to health. The children brought here weren’t helped – they were made into human sacrifices.

Skeletal remains found at the archaeological site.

















Skeletal remains found at the archaeological site. (elcomercio/Perú Folklórico)

The bones of the children appear to have been brutalized. A six-year-old is buried there with his pet guinea pig, while a young mother lies there with her newborn child, both decapitated.

Then, apart from them all, are the bones of the priest who sacrificed them. The archaeologists call him “The Lord of Snails”, and he must have been important. He died 2,800 years ago, fairly early in their history, but still has the most glamorous burial site they’ve found.


The Lord of Snails was buried covered from head to toe in 180 snail shells. His face is looking up to the east, toward the rising sun, and toward a new day.

The Lord of Snails.

























The Lord of Snails. (forosperu)

A Life in Ruins and Bones

Not a single word written by the people who lived here remains. If they were literate at all, we do not know or have what they wrote. We do not know their names. We do not know their thoughts on life and love and death, or why they came to the Amazon, or why they fell one day.
.
Up until now, we didn’t even know they existed, or that there were any ancient civilizations in the Amazon at all. All we have are their ruins and their bones – but even that is enough for an incredible portrait into the lives of a people who have been forgotten for the past 2,000 years.



Top Image: Ancient ruins in the rainforest. (Eric Mollna / flickr)

By Mark Oliver

References

Atwood, Roger. "Connecting Two Realms." Archaeology Magazine. Web. 29 June 2017. http://www.archaeology.org/issues/266-1707/letter-from/5653-letter-from-peru-spiral-temples
Olivera, Quirino. “Archaeological Research on the Ancient Temples of the Upper Amazon in Peru.” Chinese Institute of Archaeology. Web. 2013. http://www.kaogu.cn/en/Special_Events/Shanghai_Archaeology_Forum/2013/1025/29843.html
Sandoval, Wilfredo. “Peru Rewrites History Books Once More with Ancient Archaeological Find.” En Peru. Web. 20 September 2010. http://enperublog.com/2010/09/20/peru-rewrites-history-books-once-more-with-ancient-archaeological-find/

Pyramids at Bimini.

Underwater World (Public Domain) and ruins of the Palace of Sayil, Yucatan. (Rose Vekony/CC BY-SA 3.0); Deriv
Atlantis Unearthed – Do Surprising Underwater Scans Show Lost Architecture on the Sea Floor?

29 June, 2017 - 22:57 Cliff Dunning
 
http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-americas/atlantis-unearthed-do-surprising-underwater-scans-show-lost-architecture-sea-021468?nopaging=1

In his poems of the Iliad, the Greek Philosopher Homer introduces us to the mythical city of Troy, which remained a curiosity to many until the late 1870s when Heinrich Schliemann, on a hunch, began excavating the remains of an ancient city in Turkey. Although he was an amateur archaeologist and his methods were considered somewhat outlandish, Schliemann would evidentially find Troy and confirm its place in history.

Most historians consider Plato’s description of Atlantis, written in Timaeus, was simple story-telling as told to him by Solon, an Athenian traveler, and not a true place in Earth’s historic past. And yet, on closer inspection, we learn that Solon had heard about Atlantis from Egyptian priests who described the true antiquity of Earth and civilizations that had come and gone in the distant past.

Athanasius Kircher's map of Atlantis from Mundus Subterraneus (1669) drawn with south at the top.

Athanasius Kircher's map of Atlantis from Mundus Subterraneus (1669) drawn with south at the top. (Public Domain)

Advanced Ancient Society

Down through the ages, Atlantis has captured the imaginations of countless authors and investigators, and today is considered a fable and described in negative or pseudo-scientific terms by conventional scientists. But dismissing Atlantis is a mistake, and the evidence of very old and highly advanced people in the Americas and other parts of the world are important to consider.

It’s difficult for us to imagine a great culture which existed over 10,000 years ago and the contributions they might have made to the world, and yet for those who live in or have visited Mexico, they know there are countless examples of very old, anomalous buildings and pyramid complexes constructed with an engineering prowess that is lost in time; the Maya are a classic example. Although we know very little of their history, their mathematics, engineering, and other sciences were highly advanced, without obviously known periods of development. It’s as if they appeared magically complete, with all their advances and characteristics of a complex society in place from day one.

Because of the tragic destruction of hundreds of Maya codices, technical manuals and records of their history, we are left to wonder at the evolution of this fascinating culture.

The Sleeping Prophet – Edgar Cayce

As the host of the popular podcast Earth Ancients, a program that investigates Earth’s ancient history, I’ve been fortunate to interview many of today’s most gifted authors, researchers, investigators, and scientists. Atlantis has been a theme covered on numerous occasions, as well as its probable influence on other cultures around the world. Invariably when the subject of Atlantis is broached, and the great psychic Edgar Cayce comes up for discussion.

Edgar Cayce in October 1910, when this photograph appeared on the front page of The New York Times.

Edgar Cayce in October 1910, when this photograph appeared on the front page of The New York Times. (Public Domain)

Known to many as the Sleeping Prophet, Cayce was an American trans-channel, who in the 1920s to 1940s claimed to be able to access a level of consciousness which could view the lives of an individual through their many incarnations on earth. In these readings, Cayce was said to travel to a certain lifetime and describe traumas, injuries or other conditions which were affecting the wellness of a person in the present time. Hundreds of these readings were said to have occurred during a period when the continent of Atlantis was in the Atlantic Ocean. During the readings, Cayce also described a highly advanced technology which was developed around piezoelectric science and that powered flying machines, land and submarine craft, as well as a variety of devices and weapons.

When asked about the location of Atlantis, Cayce described it as having had three distinct periods:  100,000+ years, 28,000 years, and roughly 12,000 years ago—each phase of land change resulting from terrible earthquakes and land shifts. He said one of the great cities of Atlantis, Poseidia, was positioned in the Caribbean Ocean, in what is present day Bimini Islands. In 1940, Cayce predicted that Poseidia would re-emerge again in the late 1960s, complete with its temples and other buildings.
During his lifetime, Cayce and his followers built an organization around his readings which included a hospital. Association for Research and Enlightenment (ARE) was formed to house the thousands of hours of readings, develop numerous health remedies, and to provide an institution for higher learning. Over the years, a number of people have searched for the remains of Atlantis only to fall short in their expectations.

Following the Underwater Trail

In 1998 and again in 2007, ARE funded underwater research on target areas which had been discovered using the latest satellite and airplane imagery. Following the path of the immense Bimini wall, a massive series of underwater stones which formed a road that may have been part of an ancient harbor, archaeologist William Donato, with Michael Pateman and a team of sonar scanning technicians, made a startling discovery.

On the Target 1 sonar imagery, at approximately 130 feet (40 meters) underwater, what seems to be a series of buildings were visible that are similar to those found in the Yucatan Peninsula. One series (pictured in never-before-published images below), is similar in style to the Puuc Maya pyramid complexes found on the Gulf of Mexico side of the Peninsula. When side-scanning sonar results are introduced, we can see the complete front facade of a series of buildings, including staircases, doorways, and columns.

Underwater scanned image of structures off the coast of Bimini. (Image provided by William Donato).

Underwater scanned image of structures off the coast of Bimini. (Image provided by William Donato).
When I interviewed William Donato, he mentioned that at the time that he was surprised at the style of the pyramids in the color scans, as well as its similarity to Maya-style complexes. Further investigation would be ideal, but because of funding issues and the great expense of using underwater scanning equipment, follow-up dives have not taken place.

Building complex similar to Maya buildings in Yucatan Mexico. Image scanned at approximately 130 feet under the ocean off the coast of Bimini.

Building complex similar to Maya buildings in Yucatan Mexico. Image scanned at approximately 130 feet under the ocean off the coast of Bimini. (Image provided by William Donato).
Civilizations Destroyed

Some people might suggest that these are Maya cities and that there never was an Atlantis. The issue with this theory is that these buildings are deep under water—in some places over 300 feet (91 meters) deep—which could suggest rising water levels. Scientists now understand that following the end of the last ice age (the Pleistocene epoch), Earth encountered a traumatic event approximately 12,000 years ago, when a series of asteroids bombarded our planet and changed surface features, elevated the surface temperature, and destroyed a vast number of civilizations and animals. This event is now called the Younger Dryas period and is considered by many to be a cause for the rise of the world’s oceans. If we compare this event with Cayce’s description of the destruction of Atlantis, the two are eerily similar.

Puuc-style architecture of the Maya: ruins of the Palace of Sayil, Yucatan.


Puuc-style architecture of the Maya: ruins of the Palace of Sayil, Yucatan. (Rose Vekony/CC BY-SA 3.0)

The destruction of Atlantis and civilizations of planet Earth may have been caused by devastating land changes that caused huge areas to be submerged, massive tsunamis to cover land, and flooding to deluge large portions of the planet.

Surprising Connection to the Maya

For me, it does provide compelling evidence that the Maya may have been the descendants of a scientifically robust civilization that suddenly vanished. When I see the underwater scans of Bimini I’m reminded of the building complexes I’ve visited in Yucatan and other regions of Mexico. There’s something about the construction that appears to be lost in time, and it would explain why there is no early developmental period of the Maya that we find today. Their science, engineering, construction techniques, medicine, mathematics and so much more were inherited from a mother culture formed after thousands of years of research and development.


Side sonar scan off the coast of Bimini at 130 feet under the water. This color image reveals the staircases, doors, and the roof of a pyramid complex. (Image provided by William Donato and ARE).

Side sonar scan off the coast of Bimini at 130 feet under the water. This color image reveals the staircases, doors, and the roof of a pyramid complex. (Image provided by William Donato and ARE).

Side sonar scan of a pyramid complex off the Bimini coast. Depth is over 100 feet. (Images provided by William Donato and ARE).

Side sonar scan of a pyramid complex off the Bimini coast. Depth is over 100 feet. (Images provided by William Donato and ARE).

To this day, it’s my belief and conviction that our best link to the ancient past is within the Maya civilization, and what they encoded for us in their buildings, artwork and other artifacts. I also believe that what some see and interpret as the Maya people (savage, bloodthirsty, warring people) were the surviving generations who struggled to begin again after the great deluge and earth change. The scientists, engineers, and great planners perished, leaving the few remaining people to kick-start civilization. We may be discovering this today at many Maya cities throughout Central America, as scientists excavating standing buildings have uncovered very early settlements and construction just below the surface. It’s also interesting to note that some of the earliest pyramid complexes are the most sophisticated, revealing an engineering and construction prowess that is lost in later years.

Does this prove that Atlantis was real? You can be the judge of this possibility by listening to the podcast, “Atlantis Unearthed,” which aired June 17, 2017, on the Earth Ancients podcast.

Kolbrin - Sadek



We finally stumble into the rule of twelve as practiced then.   Better yet man was brought from the womb of the Earth to populate the surface.  This means we were first developed inside the hollow earth as we have previously suggested and has been spelled out here a couple of times.

I am unsure of the time of this set of laws, but it sounds like it is again early Bronze Age. .

The rule of twelve is well thought out here and that suggests long application.

Recall that this works wonderfully for a natural community of 150 and by simple extension it applies to a community of a thousand and then up to 10,000.



CHAPTER TWENTY

THE TEACHINGS OF SADEK

All men within the Brotherhood are to be taught to live by these ordinances, which provide for the discipline of the spirit:

Men shall be made to abstain from all manner of wickedness and hold fast to all that is good. They shall become speakers of Truth and followers of uprightness, and justice shall be upheld in their hands. The virtues are staffs which will aid man in his long journey through life to the gate of his soul's unfolding.

There are guides upon the path, guideposts and places of rest and shelter for the weary. There is provender to be found by the wayside and there are many things to be discovered along the trackways. (About two paragraphs missing).



The Master shall admit into the Brotherhood all who have, by diligent study and rigid self-rule, established themselves. They shall become one with those who climb the steps, and find their appointed place.

The Master shall instruct them in the School of Light and Life, revealing unto them all the secrets of their nature and the manner of the soul's release. There shall be no unnecessary chastisements here and no particular rewards. Austerity for its own sake shall not be practised.

Every man who comes under the Master's hand, led forth by his nominator into the presence of the acceptors, shall bring with him all his skill, knowledge and possessions. He shall have been properly observed, judged and questioned before coming before the acceptors, and shall not do so until he has been here for one year.

The next symbols shown are those representing the Design and The Law, these are the great unchanging things, lasting forever, they were the same in the time of our first forefather, as they will be in the time of our last descendant. (Much missing.)

No man shall remain within the Brotherhood, who does not live by these our ordinances. The man who walks in filth befouls not only his own floor but also the thresholds of his neighbours. Unless a man walk in cleanliness of body and purity of mind he shall not be counted among us, and no one shall call him brother.

The soul must be wrought with the hard smiting blows of adversity and sorrow. It must be gently moulded by the waters of humility and charity, it must be chased by understanding and patience. 

These are things which form a shape of harmonious beauty. But other things shape it in ugliness, these are: falsehood and greed, deceit and malice, cruelty and haughtiness, together with other evil qualities.

The just reward of those who follow the path of ease and indolence is condemnation in the recesses of disgrace and shame. There will be sorrowfial groans and tear-shedding in the misery of soul loneliness.

These our ordinances are not made to provide for the comfort and ease of man, not even for his bodily welfare, but for the benefit of his eternal soul. Here his soul is to be purged and quickened to life by the strong waters of wisdom infused with the greatest amount of Truth he can tolerate. Only by himself submitting his soul to our discipline can any man acquire benefit fi-om our mode of life.

Man was raised out of the womb of Earth to rule its surface, but here the existing powers gather into two camps of everlasting hostility. Life opposes death, the champions of light challenge the champions of darkness. Truth confronts falsehood. There is a leader of light and a leader of darkness, a commander of life and a commander of death. The legions of wickedness oppose the legions of the upright.

At birth all are cast out upon the battlefield of life and join the legions arrayed on one side or the other.

According to his rank in the legion of Truth, so does a man fight against falsehood. By his standing in the eyes of the commander of light, so is a man placed in opposition to his adversary in the legion of darkness. 

The wicked will be delivered to the sharp edge of the sword, but the good will be remembered. So it was in the first days, when our ancestors left Kaburi and followed the Master who guided them across the seas. They came over the pathless waters, forsaking soft living and delusions which amused the eye.

The wicked are not only those who knowingly do wrong. An evil man is one who seeks to justify the 
wickedness and weaknesses of others. The fires kindled against them became a raging flame in which their legions were swallowed up.

Now that you are invested with new life, open your eyes and behold the works of The Supreme Spirit with understanding. Always follow the path you have been shown, so that your steps lead you towards perfection.

Never incline towards degrading thoughts or look into the eyes of lust, for these things have led great men astray and brought down mighty ones. Be clean in all ways. Never profane the temple of man by lying with a woman whose flow is upon her. Be clean within and without, in body, thought, word and deed.

Such things were done by those from whom we were divided. They lit their temple lamps in vain and the smoke from their dark altars was blown aside. You shall not be as those who walk in darkness. Though we are oppressed on every side, this is the time of travail heralding the birth of the Great Master. You are not like those who shall be cut off from the tree of life, to fall to the ground and return to nothingness. You shall always attend to the welfare of your brother and not deceive your neighbour.

You are to live in dedicated communities, marrying and begetting children. Your sons will grow up like strong oak trees and your daughters modest like the violet. Your sons are to wear swords and your daughters a headdress with a veil which may be drawn across the face.

So, too, shall it be with those who are counted with us but are faint-hearted in the performance of their obligations. They are men who melt away in the furnace. Here we do not practise discipline and austerity for the futile mortification of the flesh. We do these things for the sake of our souls, even as a warrior exercises to keep his muscles supple for the fray and so preserve his life.


Ninety-two generations have to be bom. Then gods and men intermingled will do battle, and there will be great carnage on that catastrophic day when war is waged in the red-hued darkness amid mighty blast. That is the time of which it is written, 'fire shall leap forth from the heart of a stone'.

These things have been written about, so we concern ourselves only with the ordinances governing the Brotherhood. This is the place to which you belong and if you leave unsecured it will be upon your own head. 

Those who declare that beyond the gate of death there is a place of torment where demon torturers inflict unspeakable agonies upon the wicked, are led by a misguiding light. Certainly, there is a gloomy place of sorrow haunted by Dark Spirits, but they do not inflict torment by fire. They are there because they are evil and their companionship is awful enough to bear.

Do not come to us holding heathen gods in your heart, even though they are within a hidden and closed recess.

Purge yourself of all false beliefs outside the gate.

Here all brothers are to practise the way to full soul realisation in common. Here Truth will bind one with the other. Humility, modesty and justice will govern our lives. There is to be no straying of heart and eye towards improper and unworthy things. Every man is to command or obey according to his rank.

If anyone is found to have lied upon admittance, whether it be about the past, the tribal allegiances or possessions, amends are to be made by labour. No madman, no simpleton, no one who is blind, deaf or dumb is to be admitted.

If anyone strike someone of higher rank or refuse to obey instructions given, then if the striker have rank it is to be lowered and amends will be made by labour and restraint of food. If anyone strike another of equal rank, without just cause, the rank of the striker is to be lowered and amends made by labour. If two men fight, the ranks of both are to be lowered.

If anyone lie with intent to deceive, or if injury or sorrow be caused to another, amends will be made by labour.

If anyone cause damage or loss to something belonging to another or to all, amends will be made by labour. If any man expose himself improperly and heedlessly before another he is to make amends by labour.

If anyone defame another behind his back he is to make amends by labour, but anyone may accuse another to his face before witnesses. If anyone rebuke another in anger, amends will be made by labour. If anyone bear a  grudge and make it knovm, an apology will be given with humility and accepted with good grace.

If anyone speak filthily to the hearing of another, amends will be made by labour. If anyone wastes metal or cause the loss of metal, amends will be made by labour. If anyone bathe in water used by another or in unclean water, amends will be made by labour.

From the hour of darkness beginning the seventh day, until the hour of darkness beginning the first day, is a time of rest and meditation. It is to be a time of tranquillity for soul communion and sacred study. The only labour to be undertaken is the providing of provender for animals and their care and attention. Food may be eaten, but it is best if prepared the day before. Decorative trees and plants may be attended to; relaxing pastimes may be indulged in and all essential tasks undertaken. An essential task is one which cannot be done on any other day or is made absolutely necessary by circumstances. On the day of rest all are to wear clean raiment, and the chastisement of children is to be deferred until the morrow.

The first concern of a man should be his wife and children and anyone else under his care. He should not cause them to go unfed or underclothed to provide for the needs of another. If anj^ing belonging to anyone or to all is lost or taken away and hidden so that it is not knovm who has it, the thing is to be made accursed in the hands of its possessor. If later it is found in the possession of anyone, that person is to be expelled fi-om the Brotherhood, not for what has been done but for the curse.

When something is found which has no owner, it is to be taken to the sanctuary and remain there for one month.

If it remain unclaimed it is to be restored to the finder. No one is to take anything fi-om an outsider except for fair and full payment, and no one is to join an outsider in buying and selling.

We are ruled by a council and this is to be twelve men and a master. There will be a high council of five and a low council of seven within the fiill council. There will be a half council of four chosen by the full council, to be judges in disputes and overseers of chastisements.

The high council is to appoint headmen who will lead the brothers in groups of twelve. The low council will appoint beadles who will report to it. All are to obey the headmen and beadles and those of higher rank than themselves, but they may complain to the low council about any instruction given them.

(The larger part of this and the next chapter are lost and it has been difficult to assign a proper place or order to anything. Perhaps no more than a tenth of the original remains.) 
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